Медведково ЕГЭ №9. B11-16

Преобразуйте слова напечатанные черным шрифтом так, что бы они соответствовали нормам английской грамматики.

Framed wooden houses

B11 The ______ and strength of frame and wooden cottages are no less inferiot to the houses made of brick and          DURATION
B12 concrete. In such country houses achieved a reasonable balance between the heat______, moisture                 INSULATE
protection and breathability of the walls, which has a positive effect on human health.

B13 In wooden cottages of the frame structure one can any heating systems along with other facilities that are        INSTALLATION
typical for any modern house.

B14 Operating costs and _____ the cost of heating of these houses are twice as low as in brick or concrete                  SPECIAL
buildings, which is very essential nowadays when energy prices keep growing.

B15 The structure of framed houses provides you with seismic______ of up to 9 points. The estimated lifetime           RESISTANT
of such cottages is over 75 years
B16 Such houses can be raised within 3-5 months with the help of 5-7______ without heavy mashines.                  BUILDING

:

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Медведково ЕГЭ №9. B3.

Read the text and fill the gaps A-F with parts of the sentences 1-7

In fighting organized crime, the police often make use of undercover police

officers who A______ . The life of these undercover police officers is a lonely

and dangerous one.

Sometimes, things’can go badly wrong. In one case, the police attempted to trap a gang of drug dealers working in Spain. For five years, undercover

police officers helped the drug dealers launder about $15 million through a false

company. In this way, the police were able to В_______ . However, when the

police arrested the gang members and the case came to court, the British judge

said that the police had acted illegally and С_______ . The cost of this failed

police operation was $25 million.

Undercover police officers face terrible danger. One former undercover policeman, Liam Thomas, told the Guardian newspaper that after 12 years in the job he was «like a broken biscuit». The pressure of hiding his real identity

and working with violent criminals D_______ . Undercover police officers are

supposed E______ to see that they are not suffering. But Mark Kennedy,

an agent who worked under cover in environmental activist groups, says that these psychological checks aren’t as frequent as they should be.

Sometimes agents work undercover in the same group for too long. Then there is a serious risk that F______, as happened in Kennedy’s case.

  1. have infiltrated the gang
  2. get more information about the gang
  3. stay a long time in a group
  4. caused him to suffer a mental breakdown
  5. to have frequent psychological checks
  6. their true identity will be discovered
  7. the criminals went free

 

A B C D E F

 

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Медведково ЕГЭ №9. B2.

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1,2,3,4,5.6,7,8 и текстами A,B,C,D,E,F,G

1. A social structure
2. A puzzle
3. Lack of water
4. Negligence to nature
5. Considerable achievements
6. Struggle for power
7. The Mayan astronomy
8. Hard-working people
A. The Mayan civilization of central America was one of the most remarkable of the pre-Columbian cultures. The Maya built large cities with wonderful stone palaces and temples. They observed the heavens and accurately noted the movements of the planets. They made progress in mathematics, they invented a writing system and they produced high quality art.
B. About 3,000 years ago the Maya were farmers. They lived mainly in what is modern day Guatemala. Their period of highest development, however, was from about AD 250 to the year 900. After that, their great cities were abandoned and became ruins that were lost in the jungle. The reason why such a great civilization should collapse so quickly is something that has fascinated archaeologists and historians. Still today, there is no universally accepted answer to the mystery.
C. The Maya had a well-organized society. The Mayan civilization was not a unified one. They lived in city states. Each city state was a kingdom. The king was a ruler. And he was also a priest. The Maya believed that the king had supernatural powers. The king performed religious ceremonies and prayed to the gods. In this way, the king hoped that the fanners could grow lots of food and that the Maya could live well.
D The Maya believed that the stars and planets affected life of Earth. This is why they observed the planets very carefully. The Maya became very good at predicting the movements of the planets. They also calculated when eclipses would happen. Their observations helped them make several calendars. The oldest Maya calendar had a cycle of 260 days. They also had a calendar of 365 days.
E The incredible thing is that they built everything without the use of metal tools. Transport was difficult because they didn’t have suitable work animals like horses or donkeys. And they didn’t have the wheel either. Consequently, the Maya had to transport everything themselves. They used a hard stone called obsidian to cut and shape the stones that they used for building. Clearly, the Maya needed a lot of manpower to do any kind of work such as building or farming.
F There are different theories about why and how the Maya civilization collapsed. Jared Diamond, a geographer at the University of California believes that the collapse of the Maya culture is partly a result of overexploitation of the environment. For example, when the Maya cut down the forests on the hillsides, the soil was eroded. Also, there was less rainfall, which affected the farmers’ ability to grow food.
G The weather also changed. Archaeologists have now discovered that in the southern highlands there were several years when there was very little rain, resulting in drought. Farmers could not grow so much food. People didn’t have enough food to eat. They probably began to fight to try to get the best land to grow food and to have fresh water. The society was no longer efficient and well-organized. This is an important reason why the Mayan civilization collapsed. .

A  В  С  D  E  F  G

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Медведково ЕГЭ №9. A22-28.

Вставьте в пропуски один из предложенных вариантов помеченных буквами A22-28.

Charity

A lot of people in our world have little or no money at all. Many of them are homeless and can’t enjoy what most

of us take for A22______ . They need our help and there
are a lot of charity organizations to help poor people. Because of charities many homeless people have shelters, hungry children have been fed, a lot of diseases have already been A23_______ and many animals are safe.

Around the world there are a lot of children who suffer from different diseases, running A24______ time
and hope. The biggest charity project in Russia is ‘Contribution to the Future’ whose goal is to help any child in need. Its programmes help poor, homeless and disabled children.
There are a lot of people in the world who have chosen charity as their main mission in life. One of the most fa-mous missionaries was Mother Teresa. She lived the hard life of the poor alongside them; she knew how it felt sleep¬ing on hard floors and living on dirty streets. And because
she was experiencing A25______ what the people she was
helping were going through, she so effectively knew how to give. Besides meeting people’s basic physical needs by giving them food and medicine, she met people’s emotion-al needs as well.
A lot of rich people also feel the necessity to help the poor. For example, Bill Gates is a famous billionaire, but he is also a noted philanthropist who donated the pro-ceeds of his successful books to A26_______ educational
organizations. He has also given millions to initiatives
in global health and learning, hoping to A27_______
more and more people to have access to A28________ facil-ities in these areas. A good example is the opening of ‘The School of the Future’ in Philadelphia, sponsored by his company ‘Microsoft’.
The spirit of philanthropy is not about what or how
much you give but rather about the feeling that you are
helping others in need.
A22. 1) common 2) granted 3) usual 4) life
A23. 1) recovered 2) healed 3) cared 4) cured
A24. 1) with 2) out 3) of 4) out of
A25. 1) first-hand 2) first-rate 3) first-time 4) first-ever
A26. l)unprofit 2) unprofitable 3) non-profit 4) non-profitable
A27. 1) unable 2) enable 3) let 4) make
A28. 1) visible 2) vigorous 3) vivid 4) vital

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Медведково ЕГЭ №7. B11-16

Преобразуйте слова напечатанные черным шрифтом так, что бы они соответствовали нормам английской грамматики.

Computer Addiction

В11. Excessive computer use can become
really_______ . And we are not talking only about playing computer games.  ADDICT
B12. Wireless connection to the cyberspace has made the world more available to_______ people making them to withdraw

into an artificial world of communication.                                                                  GRADUAL
B13. Lots of teens think virtual world more inviting than their everyday reality.

This of course leads to_____effects.                                                                           DESIRABLE

B14. Teenagers become irresponsible in their everyday lives. Computer addiction makes them play truant

from school classes and their main_______ .                                                         RESPONSIBLE
В15. Computer addicts become isolated,
anti-social and__________ of dealing with each other directly.                      CAPABLE
B16. Their lives become________                                                                            AIM
without going online to check their email or to chat, and they become totally dependent on their computers

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Медведково ЕГЭ №8. B11-16

 

Преобразуйте слова напечатанные черным шрифтом так, что бы они соответствовали нормам английской грамматики.

                                                                  Waste Management

B11 Waste affects our environment —everything that surrounds us

including the air, water, land, plants, and man-made things.

We need a healthy environment for our own health and_____ .

HAPPY

B12. The waste we create has to be
_________controlled to be sure that it does                               CAREFUL
not harm our environment and our health.
B13. So________ waste management is
very important.                                                                                      EFFECT
B14. Waste reduction and recycling have a wide range of environmenta

benefits and promote public awareness and personal______

RESPONSIBLE

for the waste we create.
В15. The best place to start making a______is our home.

DIFFER

Learn how you can reduce, reuse, and recycle material’s

to decrease household waste.

B16. If we recycle what we can’t use any more, we save resources

because______ the materials replace some of the nat-ural resources RECYCLE

including water and energy, which we use to make new products.

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Медведково ЕГЭ №8. A22-28.

Вставьте в пропуски один из предложенных вариантов помеченных буквами A22-28.

Family traditions in chosing a carrer.

In your childhood, what dreams and hopes did you have? Did you listen to your Dad stories and imagine yourself flying a jet plane? Did you dream about A22______ a captain? What influeced the choice of your career? Scientists believe that family rituals and traditions are very important for chosing one’s proffession. Family traditions give a child A23______ in understanding what is important and what is not, which field of proffessional activity is the most A24_____ one. Thus family values and beliefs are often reiforced by successful role models. In many cases children A25_____ to copy their parents professions if their parents succeeded in achieving a success. In the modern world it’s a priority to become a good professional and to demonstrate high standards. Nobody wants to be ordinary and unknown and if your own Dad is a famous and well-paid brain surgeon the chance of you becomind a doctor is very high.
Declared family traditions in following this or that profession are very A26_____ not only in the western world but also in the eastern countries as well. However, sometimes trying something different can bring a success too since some areas of professional activity A27____ very special talents which a person may lack. In any case your family can always A28____ you when you are to make this vitally important and difficult choise.
A22 1) getting 2) becoming 3) receiving 4) playing
A23 1) support 2) basement 3) help 4) foundation
A24 1) promising 2) successful 3) admiring 4) stable
A25 1) try 2) desire 3) wish 4) intend
A26 1) important 2) sufficient 3) realistic 4) crucial
A27 1) require 2) ask 3) are 4) demand
A28 1) support 2) understand 3) see 4) promise

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Медведково ЕГЭ №8. A15-21

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания A15-21.Выберите соответствующий вариант из предложенных 1,2,3,4.

 The discovery of living fleshy-finned fish.

Fleshy-finned fish , ancient and almost extinct group of fish.Their  most interesting features  are fins, in which muscle is the blade. Currently, the only representative of the fleshy-finned fish — latimeria — lives near the Comoros Islands at a depth of 400-1000 meters. Until recently,scientists  believed that representatives of fleshy-finned fish  became extinct about  7 million years ago. However, in 1938, at the southern coast of Africa, in the Indian Ocean, a species of unknown fish was caught  from  the  depth of 70 m. Ichthyologist Leonard Brierley Smith, the scientist who was the first to describe a living «fossil»  fleshy-finned fish , called it latimeria. The second specimen  was caught with the help of a fishing rod  from  the  depth of 15 m in the same area. By 1980, over 70 latimeri had been caught.
Originally fleshy-finned fish lived in fresh water (and then some of them  returned to the sea, and frshwater form became extinct), experienced, probably the lack of oxygen in  shallow waters. As a result, this line of fish developed muscles at the base of the fins and dual breath including lungs.
Biologists believe that fleshy-finned fish gave rise to amphibians and were the first creatures which came out to the dry land and later gave birth to all variety species living on land. The discovery of living fleshy-finned fish has proved many theories based on Darwin’s idea and may help scientists even now in many modern researches .

 

A15 Fleshy-finned fish have always existed

  1. But never been discovered
  2. But scientists didn’t know about it
  3. Some scientists knew but kept it secret
  4. And all scientists knew about it

A16. Their  most interesting features  are…

  1. They have no gills
  2. They have dual breath
  3. They have small limbs
  4. They can live on dry land

A17 Scientists  believed that representatives of fleshy-finned fish  …

  1. became extinct about 7 million years ago
  2. became extinct about 100 million years ago
  3. became extinct about 70 million years ago
  4. became extinct about VERY RECENTLY

A18 A species of unknown fish was caught

  1. from the  depth of 70 m.
  2. from the  depth of 1000m
  3. from the  depth of 700m
  4. from the  depth of 7000m

A19 Who was the first to describe a living «fossil»  fleshy-finned fish?

  1. Ichthyologist Leonard Brierley Smith
  2. Physicist Leonard Brierley Smith
  3. Biologist Leonard Brierley Smith
  4. Physiologist Leonard Brierley Smith

A20 The second specimen  was caught with the help of…

  1. fishing rod
  2. fishing net
  3. fishing trawler
  4. harpoon

A21 fleshy-finned fish gave rise to…

  1. amphibian
  2. all living creatures
  3. mammals
  4. reptiles

 

 

 

 

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Медведково ЕГЭ №9. B4-10.

Fighting with an orangutan

B4  Even now, 10 years after, Mr David Roony remembers .the day when he turned 17. On that day he________ a fight with an orangutan!                                                             HAD

B5  In order to earn extra money for his studies David came to help in the animal
training centre. The centre__________ by David’s cousin, who asked him to take

RUN
care of three five-months-old orangutans.
B6 It was________ than it sounded as little orangutans can be pretty naughty.                                                                                                            

DIFFICULT

David’s job was to play with orangutans to help them get used to humans.
B7  One day one of orangutans wrestled David to the ground and took a bite out of his
back. David was furious and the orangutan immediately knew that he_________

DO
something wrong and apologised putting his head on David’s shoulder. David is sure that orangutans are the most intelligent animals he has ever seen.
Space exploration
B8 Until 1957, human beings were just observers of the outer space. Now they have
entered the realm of solar system. Twelve men________ on the Moon so far.

LAND
Due to their data-gathering experiments we now have firsthand knowledge of our planetary environment.
B9 The Moon is the Earth’s only satellite, and it_________ our planet for at least 4,000                                                                      

ORBIT
million years. It is a rocky sphere, which is about one-quarter the size of the Earth.

B10 All expectations to find traces of life failed long ago.

Living things need air and water to stay alive, and neither of these_______available on the Moon.

BE

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Медведково ЕГЭ №8. B2.

A. Advertisment for an art Exhibition
B. Fable
C. Poem
D. List of books
E. Guide-book information
F. Dictionary entry
G. Story from Greek mythology

0. The London underground is the oldest and busiest in the world. The platforms are much narrower and more crowded than in modern underground systems. There are nine underground lines. There is NO SMOKING anywhere on the London underground.
1. Mexican art has found a new home in San Francisco, California. It shows only Mexican-American art. It’s the first one outside of Mexico. It shows collections of many different kinds of art. Visitors can learn about each collection from the staff.
2. The weaponry of Heracles includes his famous club, which he made hinself in order to accomplish his first labour, the sword that Hermes gave him, his bow and arrows, gifts from Apollo: Hephaestus made him a present of a gold breast- plate and Poseidon gave him horses. Athena added a veil to the breast-plate made by Hephaestus.
3. The Sun descending in the west,
the evening star does shine,
The birds are silent in their nests,
And I must seek for mine,
The moon like a flower,
In heavens high bower;
With silent delight,
Sits and smiles on the night.
4. Frog,n 1) a small hairless tailless animal, usu. brownish-green, that lives in the water and on land, has long back legs for swimming and jumping, and croaks (=makes a deep rough sound). People sometimes make jokes about kissing frogs to make them turn into an attractive prince, because this happens in some children’s stories. 2) a frog in the/one’s throat (infml) a difficulty in speaking because of roughness in the throat.
5. Benny Green, London, Oxford University Press. Anthology of what the words has said about London in the past.
Peter Ackroyd, Dickens’ London, Headline. Excepts illustrating how London looked in the authors’s work.
Geoffrey Trease, London, A councile History. Good illustrations.
Gavin stamp, The Changing Metropolis, Viking. Very interesting set of early photographs of London.

0 1 2 3 4 5

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